نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری معماری، گروه معماری، واحد نجف‌آباد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، نجف‌آباد، ایران.

2 دانشیار، گروه معماری، واحدنجف‌آباد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، نجف‌آباد، ایران.(دانشیار، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران، تهران، ایران)

3 استادیار، گروه شهرسازی، واحد نجف آباد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، نجف آباد، ایران.

4 استاد، گروه معماری، واحدنجف‌آباد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، نجف‌آباد، ایران.( استاد، گروه علوم اجتماعی، دانشگاه اصفهان، ایران.)

چکیده

حاشیه مادی‌ها، مرز رویارویی انسان و طبیعت، قابل ترکیب با عناصر معماری و موثر بر طراحی سیما و منظر محلات شهری است. امروزه توسعه جوامع انسانی بر سکونت مردم بی‌تاثیر نبوده،‌ چنانچه تغییر شیوه زندگی و آپارتمان نشینی، باعث ایجاد فاصله بین طبیعت مادی‌ها و ساکنان گشته است. ساکنان به عنوان گروه‌های جمعیتی جدید به محلات وارد شدند. استقرار در منازل آپارتمانی باعث قطع ارتباط با طبیعت شد و این عدم ارتباط بر ضعف حس ‌تعلق مکان آنان افزود. به این ترتیب بناهای مسکونی جدید بدون توجه به بناهای پیرامون خود و بر اساس سلیقه‌های شخصی شکل گرفت و سیمای محلات از آشفتگی و نابسامانی ناشی از عدم هماهنگی در ترکیب عناصر نما متأثرشد. این پژوهش با هدف بررسی نحوه و چگونگی تأثیر حس‌تعلق بر مؤلفه‌های نمای محلات مسکونی، در مجاورت طبیعت مادی‌ها از دیدگاه ساکنان، به دنبال پاسخگویی به این سوال است که تأثیر حس تعلق مکان بر ویژگی‌های نمای محلات مسکونی مجاور مادی‌های اصفهان  از دید ساکنان چیست؟ پژوهش از نظر جمع‌آوری اطلاعات، پژوهش‌ میدانی و از نظر مسیر اجرا از نوع پژوهش‌های ترکیبی متوالی با پارادایم پراگماتیسم است. داده‌های کیفی با استفاده از مشاهدات مستقیم، مطالعه اسنادی و مصاحبه با متخصصین، گردآوری و تحلیل محتوای مضمون (تماتیک)  انجام شد، سپس داده‌های کمی در بستری پیمایشی به روش تهیه پرسشنامه از ساکنان محلات مسکونی مجاور مادی‌ها گردآوری و  توسط نرم‌افزار Spss و Amos تحلیل شد و تحلیل‌ها یکجا مورد تفسیر قرارگرفت. نتایج مطالعات نشان داد که حس تعلق و مادی‌ها بر نما تأثیر معنادار دارند. از دیدگاه ساکنان، حس‌تعلق بیشترین تأثیر را به ترتیب بر مؤلفه‌ی فرم و اندازه ، سپس بر اجزای نما و در درجه سوم بر مؤلفه مصالح دارد و مولفه‌های مادی‌، به ترتیب با خاطره انگیزی، خوانایی، آرامش و آسایش اقلیمی و منحصر به فرد بودن باعث افزایش تأثیر طبیعت موجود بر نما شده‌اند. بنابراین توجه به زیر ساخت سبز مادی‌های اصفهان و جلب مشارکت ساکنان تحت تأثیر حس تعلق آن‌ها، ارتقای شاخص‌های کالبدی نمای بناهای مسکونی مجاور مادی‌ها را به همراه خواهد داشت.محاسبه گردید.

چکیده تصویری

تأثیر حس‌تعلق به مکان ساکنان بر نمای بناهای مسکونی محلات مجاور مادی‌های اصفهان

تازه های تحقیق

- پژوهش از نوع پژوهش‌های ترکیبی (کمی و کیفی) با  پارادایم پراگماتیسم است.
- تحقیق پیرامون سه متغیر، شامل: حس تعلق ( سه زیر مقوله)، طبیعت مادی‌ها (دو زیر مقوله) و نما (سه زیر مقوله) شکل گرفت.
- راهکارهای عملیاتی جهت ارتقا کالبد نمای بناهای مسکونی مجاور مادی‌ها تحت تأثیر دو مؤلفه مادی و حس تعلق به مکان ساکنان، ارائه شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Resident's Sense of Belonging to the Place On the Neighboring Facades of Isfahan Maadis

نویسندگان [English]

  • Marjan Amjad 1
  • Farhang Mozaffar 2
  • Shirin Toghyani 3
  • Vahid Ghasemi 4

1 Ph.D. Candidate in Architecture, Department of Architecture, Najafabad Branch,Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran.

2 Associate professor, Department of Architecture, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran (Associate professor, Faculty of Architecture and Environmental Design, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran.)

3 Assistant professor, Department of Urban planning, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran.

4 Professor, Department of Architecture, Najafabad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Najafabad, Iran (Professor, Department of Social Science, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran)

چکیده [English]

Extended Abstract
Background and Objectives: Maadi's are the distinguishing characteristic of Isfahan city in comparison with other cities of Iran. Their calm and inviting side where humans and nature get along together can be combined with architectural elements, affecting the urban feature and landscape of urban neighborhoods. The facade of residential buildings adjacent to the Maadis greatly enjoys the sense of belonging to the existing space. It is one of the most influential factors in creating a connection between residential spaces and existing nature. The vital factor in this research is the response to the dual relationship between man and nature. Also, we focused on the impact of this relationship on the landscape and residential building envelopes. It is critical to meet residents' needs and expectations and provide a more favorable environment for users.
Methods: This research has the characteristics of quantitative and qualitative studies. The field research and implementation path are a type of consecutive exploratory combined research with a pragmatism paradigm in terms of data collection. In the first stage, the data of the qualitative study was collected in the field by performing interviews. In this stage of the qualitative data collection, a set of activities was performed, such as bibliographic study, observation, photographs, and interviews with experts. Finally, the thematic analysis method was used to classify the patterns of meaning from the data set. In the second stage, the quantitative study, a survey was done based on the researcher-made questionnaires, the answers, and it was used to apply the appropriate tools. The questionnaires were evaluated on a five-point Likert scale and randomly distributed among neighboring residents of Maadis. The data obtained from the questionnaires were analyzed by SPSS and AMOS software. Descriptive and inferential statistics were analyzed in SPSS software. The Cronbach's alpha was used to evaluate the reliability of the questionnaires, and the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was applied to evaluate the normality of data distribution. In order to measure and analyze the effectiveness path of the Maadis component and the sense of belonging to the facade component, a set of variables related to each of them was entered into AMOS software. For confirmatory factor analysis of the mentioned component variables, structural equation modeling was used in AMOS software. Finally, both qualitative and quantitative analyses were interpreted at once.
Findings:  The path coefficients of the central hypothesis, regression coefficients, and the number of partial indicators related to the hypothesis showed an effective relationship between the components, but they did not have the same value. The items of the Maadi's component were all identified with a strong and positive effect. The study of the components of the sense of belonging showed that emotional belonging had a  substantial and positive effect on all items. In addition, the functional and conceptual components, with substantial and positive effects on one item, indicated a significant relationship between the components of Maadis and the sense of belonging with the components of the facade.
Conclusion: The results have shown that the sense of belonging and Maadis existence significantly affect facades. From the resident's perspective, the sense of belonging has the most significant effect on the facade, form, and size, then the facade components and the materials. So that in the component of form and size, elements such as the use of curved lines and volumes that are reminiscent of the movement and twisting of water in Maadis were considered significant. The human scale in the facade by using different divisions, creating complete and empty spaces by balcony design, the porch and retreat in floors, unity, and harmony between adjacent facades, coordination in the forms used in the facade as well as avoiding uniformity and the height of more than three floors, respectively, had the most significant value and impact from the residents' point of view. From the resident's perspective, the sense of belonging has the most significant effect on the facade, form, and size, then the facade components and the materials. The Maadis components, with their evocativeness, readability, tranquility and climatic comfort, and uniqueness, respectively, increased the impact of existing nature on the facade. Therefore, paying attention to the green infrastructure of Isfahan Maadis and attracting the participation of residents, under the influence of their sense of belonging, promotes the physical characteristics of the facades of the residential buildings adjacent to the Maadis.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Residential Facade
  • Facade Components
  • Form and Size
  • Materials
  • Sense of belonging
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