نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی
مربی، دانشکده معماری و شهرسازی، دانشگاه صنعتی شاهرود، شاهرود، ایران.
سندرم ساختمان بیمار یک بیماری ناشی از ساختمان است که افراد حاضر در محیط بسته، وضعیت جسمی و روحی مناسبی را تجربه نکرده، و علائم عصبی، تحریک مخاطی، تنفسی و پوستی را بروز میدهند. چنین وضعیتی میتواند در هر محیط بستهای که افراد زمان زیادی را در آن حضور دارند، تجربه شود. خوابگاههای دانشجویی یکی از اینگونه فضاهاست، که دانشجویان در طول مدت تحصیل، اوقاتی طولانی را در این فضا میگذرانند. از همینرو پژوهش حاضر با هدف تعیین نشانگان و علل این سندورم درخوابگاههای دانشجویی انجام شد. مطالعه حاضر به صورت مقطعی و توصیفی-تحلیلی در بازهی دو ماهه آبان و آذر 1398 در خوابگاههای دانشگاه صنعتی شاهرود و بین 302 نفر انجام پذیرفت. جهت گردآوری اطلاعات از پرسشنامه استاندارد MM040EA مرتبط با سندروم ساختمان بیمار و کیفیت هوای داخل استفاده شد، که به صورت آنلاین در اختیار دانشجویان قرار گرفت و دادهها جمعآوری گردید. آنالیز دادهها نیز از طریق آزمون دوجملهای و آزمون مجذور کای انجام شد. بررسیها حاکی از آن است که از بین علائم سندروم ساختمان، خستگی (64.24%)، مشکل تمرکز (58.28%) و سردرد (53.48%)، از سایر علائم شایعتر است. همچنین موثرترین علل این سندروم به ترتیب شامل سروصدا، هوای سنگین، دمای بسیار بالای اتاق و هوای خشک میباشد. بین میزان شیوع سندروم ساختمان با تمام عوامل مربوط به شرایط آسایشی خوابگاه و محیط فیزیکی و شرایط روانی اجتماعی خوابگاه ارتباط معنادار برقرار است. مطالعه حاضر نشان داد که 80.4% دانشجویان در زمره افراد مبتلا به سندروم ساختمان قرار دارند، که رقم بالا و نگران کنندهای است. از آنجا که این علائم با شرایط فیزیکی اتاق محل اقامت افراد در ارتباط است، لذا بازنگری شرایط حضور دانشجویان در خوابگاه ضروری بوده، که با کاهش تراکم حضور افراد و افزایش سرانه فضای اقامت، شیوع این مساله کاهش یابد.
تازه های تحقیق
- تعریف علل و علائم سندروم بیماری ساختمان.
- ارزیابی سندروم بیماری ساختمان در خوابگاههای دانشجویی
- استفاده از پرسشنامه استاندارد MM040EA برای تعیین وضعیت سندروم بیماری ساختمان.
عنوان مقاله [English]
Studying the symptoms and causes of sick building syndrome in university dormitories; Case study: The dormitories of Shahrood University of Technology
Instructor, Faculty of Architectural Engineering and Urbanism, Shahrood University of Technology, Shahrood, Iran.
Background and Objectives: Research has shown that there is a strong connection between people’s health and the physical environment in which they work, live, or treated. Sick building syndrome is an illness caused by the building itself, leading individuals in the environment to suffer from inadequate physical and mental well-being, often resulting in symptoms such as nervousness, mucous membrane irritation, respiratory problems, and skin irritations. This situation can arise from various reasons such as cold air blast, very high or very low room temperature, heavy air, smoke and smell caused by people smoking, static electricity, poor condition of lighting in the room, unpleasant smell, dust, noise, etc. Such a situation can occur in any enclosed space where people spend a significant amount of time. Student dormitories exemplify such environments, as students inhabit them for several years. Hence, this study was carried out to investigate the symptoms and reasons for this sick building syndrome, specifically within student dormitories.
Methods: The current investigation is a cross-sectional, descriptive - analytical study carried out over a two-month period, specifically in November and December of 2019. It focused on 325 university students residing in the men’s and women’s dormitories of Shahrood University of Technology, with the exclusion of 3 special patients and 20 incomplete questionnaires from the research sample. For data collection, MM040EA standard questionnaires were administered to the university students in an online form and the required data was subsequently collected. Data was analyzed through binomial test and chi-square test.
Findings: According to the surveys, fatigue (64.24%), difficulty concentrating (58.28%), and headaches (53.48%) are the predominant symptoms of sick building syndrome. Additionally, significant contributing factors to this syndrome encompass noise, poor air quality, excessively high room temperatures, and dry air, with the study also highlighting the impact of neuro lighting on its prevalence. Among the various factors outlined in this article, severe weather conditions and exceptionally high room temperatures during the study period in the student dormitory stand out as the primary culprits for inadequate room ventilation. In this research, there is a significant relationship between the prevalence of building syndrome and all the factors related to the comfortable conditions of the dormitory and the physical environment and psychosocial conditions of the dormitory.
Conclusion: The findings from this study suggest that the prevalence of sick building syndrome, at 80%, surpasses both the figures reported in prior research and the author’s initial expectations. This discrepancy is viewed as unfavorable and assessed as concerning. Since these symptoms are related to the physical condition of the room where people stay, it is necessary to review the conditions of students’ presence in the dormitory, to reduce this problem by reducing people’s attendance and increasing the per capita accommodation space. When it is impossible to solve the students’ dissatisfaction completely and eliminate the issue of sick building syndrome, identifying the causes of the problem instead of focusing on the symptoms is essential. Undoubtedly, the interior design of any structure holds significant importance in the overall design process. Consequently, designers and architects should enhance their consideration of interior environment design and increase their awareness of its impact on occupant health, particularly in spaces like student dormitories where occupants spend a substantial amount of time. In a broader effort to reduce the prevalence of sick building syndrome in student dormitories, it should be recognized that the improvement of dormitory facilities and the renovation of older structures will prove highly beneficial in addressing this issue.
Sick Building Syndrome
University Student Dormitory
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