نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری معماری، گروه معماری، دانشکده هنر و معماری، واحد مشهد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، مشهد، ایران.

2 استادیار، گروه معماری، دانشکده هنر و معماری، واحد مشهد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، مشهد، ایران.

چکیده

شناسایی ساختار مطلوب جلسات نقد و کرکسیون در آتلیه‌های معماری از ضرورت‌های یک ساختار آموزشی پیشرو و کارآمد محسوب می‌شود. هدف از پژوهش حاضر شناسایی میزان انطباق ساختار جلسات نقد و کرکسیون در آتلیه پژوهشی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی با ساختار پیشنهادی پژوهشگران فعال در این حوزه است. روش تحقیق پژوهش حاضر، اسنادی - پیمایشی و متکی بر فن تحلیل محتوا است. نمونه‌گیری در این پژوهش به شیوه هدفمند انجام شده است. آتلیه پژوهشی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی با توجه به رویکرد نوین آن در امر آموزش معماری به عنوان حجم نمونه مورد نظر انتخاب گردید. در این پژوهش برای تحلیل آماری داده‌های کمی از نرم‌افزار SPSS استفاده شده است. یافته‌های پژوهش حاکی از شناسایی ده مفهوم یا معیار اصلی در ساختار جلسات نقد و کرکسیون در آتلیه پژوهشی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی است. نتایج پژوهش نشان‌دهنده ارتباط مستقیم و معنادار میان ساختار جلسات نقد و کرکسیون در آتلیه پژوهشی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی با ساختار پیشنهادی پژوهشگران فعال در این حوزه بر اساس مفاهیم ده‌گانه شناسایی شده می‌باشد؛ به این مفهوم که جلسات نقد و کرکسیون در آتلیه پژوهشی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی برخوردار از چهارچوبی نظام‌مند و همگرا با ساختارهای موفق جهانی است. لذا به عنوان یک نمونه موفق داخلی با قابلیت تعمیم پیشنهاد می‌گردد. فرضیه حاکم بر پژوهش میزان این انطباق را در سطح متوسط ارزیابی کرده بود؛ لیکن ضمن اثبات این فرضیه، مقدار ضریب همبستگی 0/674 وجود رابطه مستقیم و در سطح بالاتر از متوسط را نیز تائید می‌نماید.

چکیده تصویری

مقایسه تطبیقی “ساختار جلسات نقد و کرکسیون در آتلیه پژوهشی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی” با “ساختار پیشنهادی پژوهشگران فعال در این حوزه”

تازه های تحقیق

- پیشینه پژوهش حاضر حاوی نکات ارزشمندی در باب تلاش‌های صورت گرفته توسط پژوهشگران حوزه معماری در زمینه معرفی و کاربست الگوهای کاربردی جاری در جلسات نقد و کرکسیون می‌باشد.
- در پژوهش حاضر ده مفهوم اصلی مستخرج از جلسات نقد و کرکسیون در آتلیه‌های معماری پیشرو شناسایی شدند؛ که در دستیابی به جایگاه مطلوب آموزش معماری در قالب شیوه‌های اجرایی خلاقانه و پاسخگو دارای نقشی تعیین‌کننده هستند.
- جلسات نقد و کرکسیون در آتلیه پژوهشی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی برخوردار از چهارچوبی نظام‌مند و همگرا با ساختارهای موفق جهانی است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات

عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparative comparison of “Criticism and Correction session structure in the research studio of Shahid Beheshti University” and the “Proposed structure of active researchers in this field”

نویسندگان [English]

  • Nasrin Saljoughi 1
  • Vahid Ahmadi 2

1 Ph.D. Candidate in Architecture, Faculty of Art and Architecture, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Art and Architecture, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran.

چکیده [English]

Extended Abstract
Background and Objectives: Criticism and correction sessions form the basis of evaluating architectural design projects. A valid and targeted assessment, in addition to measuring fundamental knowledge, also measures its practical application in practice. Integrating knowledge and skills stands as a primary objective within architectural studios. Therefore, evaluation plays a very important role in the process of architectural education that shapes the professionals in the future. The most important issue is to achieve different methods of criticism according to different conditions. Additionally, evaluation should extend beyond merely appraising final projects, encompassing the critique process throughout an educational period (such as an academic semester) for formative assessment. The application of the successful experiences of foreign researchers in the workshop critique process and its comparative comparison with the workshop critique process in Iran can determine our position in this field. The aforementioned comparative comparison has generally identified the similarities and differences of successful international experiences compared to domestic experiences, and by examining and discovering the reason for the existence of these similarities and differences, it is possible to (1) solve the problem, which is to identify the degree of conformity of the structure of criticism and correction sessions. Through this comparative analysis, two key objectives are addressed: aligning the structure of critique sessions with active research findings and identifying optimal criticism methods within educational contexts. Ultimately, this process leads to localization and enhancement of architectural education practices. In this study, Shahid Beheshti University views the architectural studio as a research workshop, adopting a novel approach to architectural education. Guided by fundamental principles outlined by faculty, this workshop aims to enhance the quality of architecture education, positioning itself as a successful domestic model compared to international counterparts. The primary objective of this paper is to evaluate the alignment of Shahid Beheshti University research studio critique and correction session structure with the recommendations of leading researchers in the field. Specifically, the authors seek to answer the question: to what extent does the structure of critique and correction sessions at Shahid Beheshti University research studio adhere to the standards proposed by active researchers? It is hypothesized that the level of conformity to these standards is within the average range, although empirical evidence will be necessary to confirm this assertion.
Methods: In this comparative study, researchers employed a hypothesis testing approach using a comparative strategy. The study utilized data from two sources: (a) the opinions of leading researchers in architectural education, particularly concerning the structure of criticism and correction sessions, and (b) the innovative approach of Shahid Beheshti University research studio. Ten key concepts, defining the theoretical framework of criticism and correction sessions in architectural studios, were identified through a systematic review of relevant literature from both communities. These concepts, derived from a scientific process, also align with historical perspectives on the subject. The research method employed in this study is a documentary-survey approach utilizing content analysis techniques. The process begins with the selection of keywords and concepts. In the initial step, information is gathered by extracting data from two sources: (1) scientific research articles authored by selected researchers on the broader topic of ‘criticism and correction sessions in architectural studios,’ and (2) published articles specifically related to this topic, focusing on Shahid Beheshti University. The second step involves qualitative and quantitative text analysis, including categorization and extraction of information from the selected sources. This analysis determines the frequency of topics within the categories based on textual elements. Subsequently, in the third step, the results from the second step are interpreted. Statistical analysis of quantitative data was conducted using SPSS software.
Findings: The rThe research findings indicate the identification of ten main concepts or criteria in the structure of critique and correction sessions in the research studio of Shahid Beheshti University. These concepts are: constructive studio environment, participation-oriented approach, involvement of professors and professional activists in studio sessions, criterion-based teaching and assessment method, simultaneous presence of several professors in a single studio for training and evaluation purposes, receiving critical opinions from different professors, integration of different student groups (peer and non-peer) in studio sessions, application of educational technologies in the studio, teacher-centered/ student-centered approach, assessment of judgment and final decisions.
Conclusion: The results reveal a direct and statistically significant relationship between the structure of critique and correction sessions in Shahid Beheshti University research studio and the proposed structure by active researchers in this field, as indicated by the ten identified concepts. This suggests that the critique and correction sessions within the university research studio adhere to a systematic and convergent framework similar to successful global models. Consequently, it is recommended as an exemplary model with the potential for broader applicability. While the research hypothesis initially suggested a moderate level of compliance, the observed correlation coefficient of 0.674 surpasses this expectation, indicating a stronger alignment than anticipated.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Criticism
  • Correction
  • Architecture Studio
  • Architectural Design Education
  • Research Studio
  • Shahid Beheshti University
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